If you have actually visited through any vintage cities, you've probably admired ancient structures that have stood the test of time. You may believe to yourself, "They sure made things to last back in those days." And while the Notre Dame Cathedral () or the Parthenon () or the Tower of London () might look like proof of the exceptional craftsmanship of a bygone period, what you don't see are all the other buildings put up during the exact same period that have since fallen apart or been taken apart.
In this episode of Choiceology with Katy Milkman (), we take a look at a bias that often clouds the way we evaluate success and failure.
We start with the scientific awakening of Joseph Banks Rhine () in the 1920s, during the peak of the spiritualist motion. Rhine was trained in science and wished to apply the clinical method to his research study into paranormal phenomena. Science taught him to be doubtful, so when Rhine's research study results seemed to demonstrate the presence of extra-sensory understanding, or ESP, he thought he had discovered evidence of a brand-new element of humanity. The findings caused academic honors and significant financial backing, until others tried to replicate his results.
Next, we present a study on musical acts and college drop-outs to demonstrate how easy it is to discount important details– when that info is not easily evident..
To look at the science behind this predisposition, Katy has actually enlisted 2 scholars to assist explain it in various contexts..
First, Sendhil Mullainathan () provides useful examples of the bias worldwide of investing and working with. Sendhil is the Roman Family University Professor of Calculation and Behavioral Science at the University of Chicago Cubicle School of Business (). He's also the co-author of the book Scarcity: Why Having Insufficient Method A Lot ()..
Then, Emily Oster () speak about the manner ins which physicians and moms and dads often unintentionally ignore important information when trying to solve issues. Emily is a teacher of economics at Brown University (). Her latest book is called Cribsheet: A Data-Driven Guide to Better, More Relaxed Parenting From Birth to Preschool ()..
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